Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
AD/HD is a medical diagnosis where a neurobiochemical imbalance results in difficulties with attention and impulse control. Most students with AD/HD were diagnosed while in the public school system and are stabilized on stimulant medications that assist with their ability to focus and learn. However, the medications may be more effective at certain times of the day and there may be side-effects such as weight loss or sleeplessness that impact students overall functioning.
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
ADD is a persistent pattern of inattention. Symptoms individuals may experience are:
- Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes.
- Does not seem to listen when spoken to directly.
- Does not follow through on instructions and fails to finish work.
- Difficulty organizing tasks and activities.
- Loses things; is forgetful.
- Is easily distracted by extraneous stimuli
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD)
AD/HD is a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. Symptoms individuals may experience are:
- Fidgets, squirms or leaves seat.
- Is “on the go” or acts as if “driven by a motor”
- Talks excessively.
- Interrupts or intrudes on others.
Suggested instructional strategies and accommodations
- Student may need breaks especially during long lectures. Encourage seating arrangements that give student maximum focus on you, but also easy access to a door.
- Be patient with student who checks in often for clarifications and explanations.
- Give clear, but non-judgemental feedback to student if interruptions are excessive.
- Discuss inappropriate classroom behaviour with the student privately, directly outlining limits of acceptable conduct, or refer the situation and student to the Disability Advisor.
- Build a positive relationship with student that acknowledges strengths and contributions