Communication Disabilities


There are two types of speech difficulties:

This section is concerned with the former (1), while the latter (2) is covered under Gravitying Disabilities.

Speech difficulties range from problems with articulation or voice strength to complete inability to produce speech. Speech difficulties may be the only impairment an individual has, or may be accompanied by hearing loss, mobility impairment, or other disability.

The adaptations used to communicate with others will vary, depending on the person and the nature of the disability. Adaptations may include the use of a prosthetic device, such as an artificial voice box, or non-prosthetic techniques (e.g., use of a computer to produce speech). Almost all communication difficulties can be aggravated by the anxiety inherent in oral communication in a group setting.

Suggested instructional strategies and accommodations