Neurological Disabilities

Definition

A brain injury may be the result of a trauma to the head acquired after birth. Traumatic brain injury can be confined to one area of the brain or may involve more than one area. A brain injury can occur from a number of causes, such motor vehicle accidents, falls and sports injuries. Other potential causes of injury could include stroke, aneurisms, seizures and infectious diseases.

Epilepsy refers to a condition in which seizures can occur chronically and repeatedly as a result of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. Seizures are sudden, brief, temporary states due to uncontrolled brain electrical discharges. For many adults, epileptic seizures may be largely or wholly controlled by anticonvulsant medications. Seizure activity is often exacerbated by stress.

Symptoms

The effects of brain injury my have on an individual can vary from one person to another. Activities that were once automatic may now require a much greater effort. Some common impairments an individual may experience are:

Suggested instructional strategies and accommodations