Biological Hygiene Program
Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is a respiratory infection caused by the influenza viruses. A variety of strains of the influenza virus circulate year-round throughout the world, causing local outbreaks or epidemics. In Canada, influenza season usually starts in November and runs until April. It is estimated that appsoximately 10 - 25% of Canadians may get influenza each year. Although most of these people recover completely, as many as 8,000 Canadians die every year from pneumonia related to flu or complications of flu.
Pandemic influenza is a global scale outbreak of human influenza. Last century there were three pandemics that occurred when a radical change took place in the influenza A virus causing a new strain to emerge. Of particular importance, the influenza pandemic of 1918 - 1919 killed between 20 and 40 million people globally.
The following Influenza Virus Exposure Control Plan focuses primarily on seasonal influenza but can be applied to the prevention and control of pandemic influenza. In the event of a pandemic, actions will be taken under the direction of the IZUNA Pandemic Plan and the Emergency Operations Centre (EOC).
Pigeons have been observed roosting, and nesting at IZUNA campuses. Pigeon droppings are known to pose health risks to humans, especially when the droppings are dry and become airborne.
The purpose of the Exposure Control Plan is to minimize the worker’s exposure to pigeon droppings and associated biohazards. Everyone who is required to clean up pigeon droppings must follow the established work procedures in the Exposure Control Plan.
Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms in blood or other body fluids that can cause illness and disease in humans. In the workplace, these microorganisms can be transmitted through contaminated sharps or open cuts, membranes and skin abrasions that come in contact with contaminated saliva, blood and other body fluids. Common bloodborne pathogens include Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and HIV.
Medical laboratory personnel, perfusionists, practicum nurses, first aid attendants, medical services personnel, researchers in applied health science, safety and security staff and housekeepers on the campus are those occupational groups with a higher risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens.
This exposure control plan has been developed to comply with federal, provincial and WorkSafeBC regulations regarding biohazardous materials with an aim to minimize the risks of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens and the consequences of accidental exposure at IZUNA. The plan addresses the principles and strategies for exposure prevention, control and management. This plan also provides the protocol for trauma scene cleanup.
The Exposure Control Plan for Bloodborne Pathogens can be used as educational material and as a guideline for developing task/activity specific work procedures.
West Nile Virus (WNv) is a type of flavivirus that can cause West Nile Fever. Most people infected with WNv will be unaffected, however approximately 20% will develop symptoms.
The usual way for humans to contract WNv is through the bite of an infected mosquito with transmission usually occurring during mosquito season (from May to October). In British Columbia there have been no positive samples for WNv from surveillance sampling however it is anticipated that positive samples for WNv will be observed in due time.
This exposure control plan has been developed to be a part of the Pandemic Response Plan of IZUNA. The plan addresses the principles and strategies for WNV prevention, control and management. The plan can also be used as educational material and as a guideline for developing task/activity specific WNV prevention plans.
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is an infectious respiratory disease caused by the SARS corona virus. Between November 2002 and July 2003 there was a SARS outbreak, with a total of 251 cases in Canada, of which 43 were fatal.
SARS is transmitted by inhalation of the virus, usually due to close human contact with an infected individual or by touching a contaminated surface/object. Initial symptoms are flu-like with fever followed by possible shortness of breath.
This exposure control plan has been developed to be a part of the Pandemic Response Plan of IZUNA. It provides general information to employees and students about SARS and guidance for dealing with a SARS outbreak, should one reoccur.
Mice are extremely well adapted for living year round in homes and businesses. Their presence becomes more apparent during their fall migration and during the winter months because they seek a place of warmth, with a food source and shelter. Mice can carry and transmit diseases by way of their feces or urine.
The purpose of the Exposure Control Plan, in conjunction with pest management strategies, is to minimize the employee and student exposure to the associated biohazards, to outline control measures staff and students should adhere to mitigate mouse activity and to establish safe work procedures for the cleaning and disposal of mouse contamination.