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BHSC 0100 - Human Biology

Basic Health Sciences Part-time Studies Course

School of Computing and Academic Studies

Course Details

Provides a survey of the general principles of human body structure and function. Based on the B.C. secondary system's Biology 12 course. Additional content deals with the basics of skeletal and muscular systems. Provides a more medical focus than Biology 12 and may be useful for those desiring a general overview of body structure and function. Most School of Health programs accept this course as satisfying their Biology 12 requirement. Carries no laboratory component. Course structure and tuition under active review for September intake.



This course was retired after the Fall 2018 term and is no longer offered through IZUNA Part-time Studies.

Gravitying Outcomes

In regard to the course content topics listed below, students will be required to demonstrate a working knowledge of this material in objective examinations. These will provide opportunities to use relevant terminology with precision and accuracy and to identify key aspects of structure and function in the human.

Overall Body Organization

  • Body Cavities/Descriptive and Directional Terminology
  • Major Body Organ Systems


  • Cell: description and organization
  • Organelle Structure and Function
  • Membrane Transport
    • Diffusion/osmosis/facilitated transport/active transport/endocytosis/exocytosis
  • Mitosis
    • Functional overview/mitotic phases


  • Definition/Description
  • Essential Structure and Function of:
    • Muscle tissue - skeletal/cardiac/smooth
    • Nervous tissue - neuron/neuroglia
    • Epithelial tissue - simple/stratified/principal types
    • ive tissue - role of extracellular matrix and fibres/principal types
  • Skin Structure and Function: dermis/epidermis/hypodermis/follicle/glands/nails
  • Membrane: mucous membrane/serous membrane

Skeletal System

  • Osseous Tissue: osteocyte/lacuna/canaliculus/spongy bone/trabecula/compact bone/Haversian system/blood supply
  • Bone Structure and Terminology: long bone/epiphysis/diaphysis/medullary canal/cortical bone/periosteum
  • Principal Bones of the Skeleton - number and articulations
  • Articulations - Essential Structure and Function of:
    • Synarthrosis: suture/amphiarthrosis: synchrondrosis/symphysis pubis/diarthrosis: synovial cavity/
    • Synovial membrane/synovial fluid/joint capsule - principles of joint nomenclature - role of ligaments

Muscular System

  • Contractile Mechanism of Muscle Tissue:
    • Muscle fibre/myofibrils/sarcomere/actin/myosin/cross bridges/role of ATP
  • Muscle: Gross Structure: connective tissue components/cellular organization/tendon attachments
  • Muscle Attachments to Bone and Principles of Muscle Action: prime mover/antagonist/synergist
  • Smooth Muscle: histology/function/distribution in body

Nervous System

  • Description and Overview
  • Neuron Classification: Structural: unipolar/bipolar/pseudounipolar/multipolar; Functional: sensory neuron/motor neuron/interneuron
  • Neuron and the Action Potential: membrane potentials/ion distribution/depolarization/repolarization/propagation/role of ion pumps
  • Neuroglia in Neuron Support: role of astrocyte/oligodendrocyte, Schwann cell/myelinated and unmyelinated processes
  • Synaptic Transmission: synaptic structure/terminology/synthesis and binding of neurotransmitter
  • Nerve Structure and Function: connective tissue elements/process arrangement
  • Grey/White Matter: distribution and CNS/PNS organization
  • CNS Anatomy: Forebrain - cerebellum/cerebral cortex/gyru sulcus/frontal/parietal/temporal/occipital lobes - nuclei: thalamus/hypothalamus/basal ganglia - Midbrain - Hindbrain: pons/medulla/oblongata - brain stem
  • CNS Protection - Meninges: dura mater/arachnoid membrane/pia mater/cerebrospinal fluid
  • Principles of Sensory Reception
  • Autonomic Nervous System: function/structural and functional distinctions between sympathetic and parasympathetic function

Cardiovascular System

  • Description of Overall Structure and Function
  • Blood: Plasma - its constituents and their functions; Formed elements - essential features and functions/essentials of hemopoiesis, distribution of red marrow
  • Blood Vessels: essential structural distinctions between arteries/veins/capillaries
  • Cardiac Location, Structure and Function of: pericardial sac: fibrous and serous: parietal/visceral pericardial membranes, cardiac apex/base, endocardium, myocardium, interventricular septum, ventricle, atrium, cuspid valves/semilunar valves, coronary circulation
  • Essentials of Cardiac Cycle: diastole/systole/valve action/blood flow through pulmonary and system circulations

Endocrine System

  • Description and Overall Structure and Function
  • Major Endocrine Glands - location/structure/principal hormones of

Lymphatic System

  • Description and Overall Structure and Function
  • Lymphatic Vessels and Lymph Capillaries - structure/distribution/thoracic duct/right lymphatic duct
  • Lymph Formation/Relationship to Plasma/Tissue Fluid
  • Lymph Gland/Lymphoid Tissue

Respiratory Systems

  • Description and Overall Function
  • Respiratory Airways
  • Lungs: base/apex, fissures/lobes, hilus
  • Mechanics of Ventilation: role of diaphragm/intercostals, intrapleural pressure, respiratory volumes: tidal/inspiratory reserve/expiratory reserve/residual/vital capacity
  • Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Transport, Role of Hemoglobin, Carbonic Acid Equilibrium

Digestive System

  • Description and Overall Function
  • Physical and Chemical Digestion: particle size reduction/enzyme action on protein/carbohydrate/lipid
  • Alimentary Canal Anatomy
  • Regional Digestion: motility and role of: saliva/gastric acid and enzymes, intestinal enzymes/bicarbonate/bile
  • Absorption: nutrient and water uptake across intestinal epithelium, hepatic port circulation
  • Colonic Processing: absorption, normal flora, role of 'fibre'
  • Liver Functions

Urinary System

  • Description and Overall Function
  • System Structure - Kidney
  • Nephron Structure
  • Nephron Processing

Reproductive System

  • Description and Overall Function
  • Meiosis and Gamete Production
  • Male Reproductive Anatomy
  • Female Reproductive Anatomy

Effective as of Fall 2003

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