This course is an introduction to applied thermodynamics. Topics include a review of units used to describe the state of a thermodynamic system: pressure, temperature, volume, and energy; differentiating between absolute and specific quantities and intensive and extensive values. Following this is a description of various thermodynamic energy states such as internal energy, enthalpy, potential energy, kinetic energy, and the associated heat and work transfers. This is followed by calculations of heat transfer by conduction, convection, radiation, and combined modes; linear and volumetric thermal expansion, and the stress effects of restricted thermal expansion. The next two topics concern the properties of vapours (of water substance) and ideal gases. Next, the concept of thermodynamic systems is introduced, and the energy changes in non-flow systems. Having completed the above introductory topics in applied thermodynamics, the student will then proceed to solve problems requiring the calculation of changes of pressure, volume, temperature, and energy in non-flow thermodynamic processes.
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In Progress and Full
Upon successful completion of the course, the student will be able to:
Solve basic thermodynamic problems involving pressure, temperature, volume, and energy using SI units.
Solve problems related to differences between absolute and specific quantities; intensive and extensive values.
Illustrate, using a temperature/enthalpy graph for water substance, the three states of matter: solid, liquid, and gaseous.
Solve problems involving the specific heat of substances, the mechanical equivalent of heat, enthalpy of fusion, enthalpy of evaporation, mixtures of water, substances, ice, and steam.
Solve problems involving thermal expansion of metals and liquids.
Calculate the forces, stresses, and strains arising from restricted thermal expansion in metal stays and pipes.
Calculate heat transfer through a solid material and solid composite materials using the equations based on Fourier’s Law.
Calculate the heat transfer from one fluid to another through a dividing wall, using the equation for heat transfer by combined modes.
Calculate radiant heat transfer from furnaces using the Stefan-Boltzmann Law Q = AtT4 × Constant.
Define absolute pressure, absolute temperature, and swept volume.
Derive a combined law from both Boyles’ and Charles’ Laws, and solve problems through applying the combined or individual laws.
Derive the equation (pV over T = R) per unit mass of gas, and solve problems using that equation.
Calculate the characteristic equation of a perfect gas.
Define a thermodynamic system in terms of system boundaries, and change of stored energy by Q and W transfers.
Derive the First Law of Thermodynamics, and apply the First Law to solve problems regarding closed systems.
Derive the energy equations for isothermal, adiabatic, and polytropic expansion and compression processes, and solve problems using these equations.
State the adiabatic index of compression/expansion.
Calculate the relationship between temperature and volume, and temperature and pressure that occur following the expansion and compression of gases that undergo isothermal, adiabatic, and polytropic processes.
Calculate work done under pV curve.
Find the relationship between heat energy supplied and work done.
Define “critical temperature” and “ideal gas”, and differentiate between the behaviour of ideal and real gases.
Define the specific heat of gases at constant pressure and volume, and dual combustion cycle.
Define the vapour phase of water substances and common refrigerants in terms of their thermodynamic properties.
Determine at any given conditions of pressure and temperature, using steam tables, the values of enthalpy, internal energy, and volume of water substance in the following states: saturated vapour, dry vapour, intermediate vapour of dryness fraction, and superheated vapour.
Effective as of Fall 2017
MEOC 1216 is offered as a part of the following programs:
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